The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said “Whoever feeds a fasting person will have a reward like that of the fasting person, without any reduction in his reward.” [Tirmidhi]
Ramadan is a time filled with great reward for Muslims across the world. The blessed month of Ramadan is a time of fasting, reflection, devotion, prayer, patience and charity for million of Muslims around the world.
During Ramadan fasting allows the individual to get a better understanding of the pain and suffering of millions around the world stricken by poverty and hunger, through the experience of fasting. The act of fasting calls for Muslims to practice self-discipline and sacrifice, as well as reflect upon and show compassion for the poor and less fortunate. Muslims are reminded to be generous and increase their charitable activities. At the end of Ramadan, Muslims celebrate Eid al-Fitr (the Festival of Fast-Breaking). On the day of Eid al-Fitr, Muslims enjoy time and feasting with their families and friends.
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MUSLIM COMMUNITY IN RAMADAN
Ramadan is a time when the Muslim community is very active in charitable giving, making compulsory donations (Zakat) and voluntary donations (Sadaqa). In addition to Zakat and Sadaqa, fitra a compulsory charity, is given prior to the prayer of Eid to ensure that the poor is also able to celebrate the Eid.
“Whoever feeds a fasting person will have a reward like that of the fasting person, without any reduction in his reward.”
“Those who give to charity night and day, secretly and publicly, receive their recompense from their Lord; they will have nothing to fear, nor will they grieve.”
[Qur’an, Surah Al-Baqarah 2:274]
One of the most preferred acts of charity that a Muslim can perform during Ramadan is to feed their brothers and sisters around the world who struggle to find food for Iftar. By providing food you not only fulfil the charitable obligations Allah (SWT) has set for us, but you also help ease at least a little of the burden that a destitute family faces.
The virtue of charity in Ramadan equals seventy times its virtue in times other than Ramadan. It was narrated by Al-Bukhari that the Prophet sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam was more generous than a wind that delivers (rain) and he used to be more so in the month of Ramadan. Charity in Ramadan is multiplied, its reward is ample and its virtue is great due to the virtue and importance of this blessed month.
Zakat ul Fitr – £4 per person
Zakat ul fitr is also commonly known as ‘Fitrana’, is the compulsory charity every Muslim pays at the end of Ramadan. It is proven by a Hadith narrated by Ibn ’Abbas (RAA) in (Abud Dawud) that Zakat Al-Fitr is not just a lending hand to the poor and needy but rather a favour we do to ourselves to remove any sins we have committed during Ramadan.
Zakat Al-Fitr must be paid before the Eid prayer is conducted so that the poor celebrate the festival with provision.
Kaffarah (Expiation) is the compensation that you should pay if you deliberately miss or break a fast in the month of Ramadan without a valid reason.
To compensate, the person must either fast for 60 days or donate to feed 60 people for £5 each. This amounts to around £300 for each missed/intentionally broken fast.
Fidya is when a Muslim worshipper might be unable to fast during the month of Ramadan; they may be unwell, pregnant or travelling. In these cases they must compensate by feeding a poor person for each day of fasting that they missed throughout the month of Ramadan.
Fidya is £5 for each missed fast for each individual. However, if someone misses all the fasts of Ramadan, they would need to pay £150.